According to the hoary tradition, Ravana was a Rakshasa, a Brahmin-Rakshasa. He knew all the Vedas. His punctilious recitation of the Sama Veda so pleased Mahadeva Siva that He, not only, saved him from crushing weight of Mount Kailash, but also bestowed on him boons of incalculable worth.
Ravana’s Lanka was more prosperous than Kubera’s Alakaapuri Ravana, the benevolent despot, saw to it that all his subjects were absolutely happy.
Rama it is good to remember, had to expiate his sin of killing Ravana by building a shrine for Siva. The town and the shrine go by the same name-Rameswaram. This act of Rama’s is referred to in many a Tevaram hymn.
“As Ravana governed his country well” says Prof.M.S.Purnalingam Pillai “there was internal peace, and no feud. His foreign policy was equally good and admirable. He was friends with his brother monarchs, and no foreign aggression is mentioned or alluded to in the epic.”
Ravana was indeed great His greatness had exercised the minds of great scholars. No wonder, Purnalingam Pillai made a special study of Ravana and chose to present views which merited consideration. A perusa of the work is therefore useful.